Current trends - methodology



Reported prices

Reported price refers to the monthly prices that are publicly available to consumers as of December 31 for the collection year (2021). Entities report these prices to the CRTC via the CRTC’s Data Collection System. Entities must submit the lowest price that meets the minimum service requirements as defined in the Annual Pricing Survey. These requirements are outlined in the Communications services section below.

Highest and lowest prices include the highest and lowest reported prices by primary brand (including their respective flankers) by urban centre and rural community.

Communication services

Mobile service refers to “bring-your-own-device” (BYOD) 3G, LTE, LTE-A or 5G wireless service plans that are publicly available to residential consumers. Both main and flanker brands are used to determine the available prices that meet the minimum of the following baskets:

Mobile baskets in the data collection
Basket Name Data allotment range Minimum voice minutes Minimum SMS Speed
Talk Plan Any data 150 minutes 0 SMS 3G or LTE
1GB 1 to 2 GB Any minutes Any SMS 3G or LTE
2GB 2 to 4.9 GB 1200 minutes 300 SMS 3G or LTE
5GB 5 to 9.9 GB Unlimited minutes Unlimited SMS 3G, LTE r 5G


(new in the 2019 data collection)

10 to 19.9GB Unlimited minutes Unlimited SMS LTE or 5G


(new in the 2020 data collection)

20GB to 49.9GB Unlimited minutes Unlimited SMS LTE or 5G


(new in the 2020 data collection)

50GB or more Unlimited minutes Unlimited SMS LTE or 5G


  • Prior to 2019, the No data basket was referred to as “level 1”; 1GB basket was “level 2”; 2GB basket was “level 3”; 5GB basket was “level 4”.
  • Prior to 2019, the minimum voice and SMS requirements for the 1GB basket were 450 minutes and 300 SMS, respectively.
  • Prior to 2020, the 10GB bucket was collected as 10GB or more with a minimum of 3G speeds.

Internet service refers to fixed Internet available to residential consumers. The publicly available prices must meet the minimum requirements of the following baskets:

Internet baskets in the data collection
Basket Name Download speed range Upload speed range Data transfer range (i.e., “data cap”) Notes


(removed from the 2019 data collection)

5 to 24.9 Mbps 1 to 3 Mbps None The 2011 target speed established by Telecom Regulatory Policy 2011-291.
25/3Mbps, 100GB 25 to 49.9 Mbps 3 to 9.9 Mbps 100 GB/month --
50/10 unlimited 50 to 99.9 Mbps 10 to 14.9 Mbps Unlimited data The target speed and universal service objective, established in 2016 by Telecom Regulatory Policy 2016-496.


(new in the 2019 data collection)

100 Mbps or higher 15 Mbps or higher 500 GB/month --

Process for calculating averages

We calculate averages by service, basket, and entity (regardless of flanker) using the minimum reported prices. Each entity must report the lowest non-promotional price meeting the minimum requirements for the basket.

  1. To begin, we calculate an average for each province and territory by summing the prices reported in each rural community in the respective province/territory, and dividing this sum by the number of communities reported in that province/territory (communities with no prices are excluded).

    Provincial Rural Average = i = 1 n price for each rural community in the province n
  2. We calculate the rural average for the North by dividing the sum of the territorial averages by three (the number of territories):

    Northern Rural Average = Territorial Rural Averages 3
  3. We then add this value to the sum of the provincial rural averages and divide by 11 (10 provinces and the northern rural average) to generate the national rural average:

    National Rural Average = Provincial Rural Averages + Northern Rural Average 11
  4. We repeat the above three calculations for urban centres.

  5. Finally, we calculate the national average by dividing the sum of the urban and rural averages by two:

    Average = Urban Average + Rural Average 2

We repeat the above process for every service, basket and year of reported prices. In previous years, if the rural average was not available, the urban average was used in its place – this is no longer part of the calculation.

List of national regions

List of rural communities and urban centres

The CRTC selected 55 rural communities and 24 urban centres to represent the provinces and territories.

We selected rural communities based on the following criteria:

List of rural communities and urban centres by province or territory
Territory or province Rural communities Urban centres
Yukon (YT)
  • Dawson City
  • Mayo
Northwest Territories (NT)
  • Fort Simpson
  • Fort Smith
Nunavut (NU)
  • Cape Dorset
  • Igloolik
British Columbia (BC)
  • Barriere
  • Bowser
  • Cobble Hill
  • Hazelton
  • Kaslo
  • Keremeos
  • Thrums
  • Vancouver
  • Victoria
Alberta (AB)
  • Cremona
  • Evansburg
  • Glendon
  • Hythe
  • Wabasca
  • Calgary
  • Edmonton
Saskatchewan (SK)
  • Broadview
  • Gull Lake
  • Naicam
  • Redvers
  • Spiritwood
  • Saskatoon
  • Regina
Manitoba (MB)
  • Ashern
  • La Broquerie
  • Norway House
  • Pine Falls
  • Southport
Ontario (ON)
  • Bayfield
  • Ripley
  • Bancroft
  • Echo Bay
  • Emsdale
  • Ingleside
  • Lion's Head
  • Toronto
  • Ottawa - Gatineau
  • Hamilton
  • London
  • Kitchener - Waterloo
  • St. Catharines - Niagara
  • Windsor
  • Oshawa
Quebec (QC)
  • Kuujjuaq (new in 2020)
  • L'Islet
  • La Guadeloupe
  • Lac-Des-Écorces
  • New Carlisle
  • Laterrière
  • Rock Island
  • St-Honoré (Témiscouata Co.)
  • Montréal
  • Québec
Newfoundland and Labrador (NL)
  • Burin
  • Harbour Main
  • New Harbour
St. John's
New Brunswick (NB)
  • Cap-Pelé
  • Florenceville
  • Lamèque
Prince Edward Island (PE)
  • Crapaud
  • Hunter River
  • Morell-St. Peters
Nova Scotia (NS)
  • Bear River
  • Mahone Bay
  • Wedgeport

Note: Major centre boundaries are defined using Statistics Canada’s census metropolitan area and census agglomeration definitions.

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