Types of TV broadcasters
At the CRTC we recognize the services of different types of broadcasters, including the following.
These are services that benefit from a mandatory distribution order under section 9(1)(h) of the Broadcasting Act. The Commission requires the mandatory distribution of these services because the programming they offer is important for achieving certain objectives of the Act.
Many stations are available over-the-air (OTA). Those stations typically included a significant amount of local programming.
Community programming channels are generally operated either by over-the-air (OTA) stations or by terrestrial broadcasting distribution undertakings (BDU), such as cable companies.
Community television is a service that offers:
- Locally-produced programs reflecting a community
- Access to the broadcasting system by members of the community
For more information, see Community television policy.
Discretionary services are those services other than conventional television stations that are not available over-the-air (OTA). Subscribers have the option to have those stations as part of their broadcasting distribution undertakings (BDU) offerings. For example:
- National news services and mainstream sports services. While licensed as discretionary services, these have additional conditions associated with their licences that are unique to these services and do not apply to other discretionary services.
Ethnic and third-language programming
An ethnic service devotes at least 60 per cent of its programming in the broadcast week to ethnic programs. Ethnic programs are programs in any language that are specifically directed toward any culturally or racially distinct group other than Aboriginal Canadians or groups from France or the British Isles.
A third-language specialty service devotes at least 90% of its programming in the broadcast week to material broadcast in a language other than English, French, or a language of the Aboriginal peoples of Canada.
For more information, see Ethnic broadcasting policy.
On demand services
On-demand services are available from service providers, such as cable or satellite companies, and are increasingly becoming available over the Internet. Such services offered by BDUs allow subscribers to choose the programs they want to watch.
A service that is licensed to focus on offering religious programming.
For more information, see Religious broadcasting policy.
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